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Monday, July 15, 2024

CBN raises interest rate to 24.75% in bid to curb inflation

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The Central Bank of Nigeria’s (CBN) Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) has announced a significant increase in the benchmark interest rate in a move aimed at tackling rising inflation.

The new Monetary Policy Rate (MPR) now stands at 24.75% up from the previous rate of 22.75%.

Speaking to journalists after the MPC meeting, CBN Governor Yemi Cardoso, emphasized the committee’s commitment to curbing inflation and restoring the purchasing power of Nigerians.

He outlined the various policy adjustments implemented:

The most significant change is the substantial increase in the MPR to 24.75%. This makes borrowing more expensive, aiming to reduce spending and slow economic growth, ultimately bringing down inflation.

The CBN has also adjusted the Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) for commercial banks, maintaining it at 45%. However, the CRR for merchant banks has been increased from 10% to 14%.

Additionally, the liquidity ratio remains unchanged at 13%. These measures aim to tighten control over the money supply in circulation, further dampening inflationary pressures.

Cardoso highlighted the importance of food security in the fight against inflation. He urged the federal government to fully implement its agricultural programmes, aiming to increase domestic food production and reduce reliance on imported food items, which can be susceptible to price fluctuations.

The increased interest rate will have a ripple effect throughout the Nigerian economy. Borrowers, including businesses and individuals, can expect to pay more for loans, potentially impacting investment and consumer spending.

However, the CBN’s actions are intended to bring down inflation in the long run, which would ultimately benefit Nigerians by stabilizing prices and protecting their purchasing power.

The MPC’s decision to aggressively raise interest rates reflects the seriousness of Nigeria’s inflation challenge.

Whether these measures will achieve the desired outcome remains to be seen. The effectiveness will depend on various factors, including the government’s success in boosting food production and the overall response of the Nigerian economy to tighter monetary policy.

Nation

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